Do Elm Trees Lose Their leaves?
Yes, it does! And like any other ordinary deciduous trees, even Elm trees shed and lose their leaves during the fall season. Normally the eaves that have fallen off the tree are yellow in colour with visible disease spots. So please note if your trees start losing the tree beforehand, then there might be a problem with the tree’s health
If your elm tree is shedding leaves out of the fall season then the reasons might be such as:
- Much heat and drought especially in summer.
- Less accessible to water.
- Excess or lack of fertilizers.
- Less moisture in the soil moisture.
When Does The Elm Tree Start Shedding?
During the autumn seasons, the leaves tend to change their colour and start showing yellowish-brown colour. Finally, when winter comes, the trees wholly shed and enter dormancy. One severe disease that is common among American Elm trees is the Dutch Elm disease.
What is A Dutch Elm Disease?
Dutch Elm is considered to be the world’s one of the worst tree diseases. The reason behind the disease is a fungus called Ceratocystis. This fungus moves and spreads fast among the trees. As a result, they tend to infect the tree’s vascular system. Due to which the way to get nutrients and water is blocked and ultimately infecting the whole tree.
This disease spreads gradually inside the tree that the tree may die in a year after the disease infects it. But it is not sure as the tree may decay and die in several years after getting infected.
Sign of Dutch Elm Disease
The signs and symptoms start showing in the early summer days. Below listed are some of the signs that they might start showing:
- The leaves turn yellow and start wilting
- Browning of the leaves
- Premature decaying of leaves
- The twigs start crooking and form ‘shepherd’s cooks’
- The leaves start shedding
- Trees display mixed health
- The shoots start dying from their tips
Diagnosis Of The Dutch Elm Disease In Elm Trees.
- Pick some good live twigs and peel back their bark.
- If you see a dark brown or purple streak, then it indicates Elm disease.
- Cut cross the twig. If it shows brown staining, then it showcases the presence of disease.
The best way to stop the spread of disease in the entire tree is to remove the infected parts of the tree. It may be an unsuccessful attempt to save the tree, but it will be helpful in not letting the disease spread to nearby trees.
To end this article with another most sought question, ‘Is Dutch Elm disease still prevalent these days?’
Going by its name the disease is not of Dutch origin. This disease got its name from the pathologists that were Dutch. They founded this in the early 1920s. Since then this disease got its name as the Dutch Elm Disease.